Propiconazole nanoencapsulation in biodegradable polymers to obtain pesticide controlled delivery systems.

Keywords: Nanooencapsulation, Propiconazole, Fungicide, Fusarium, Emulsification and solvent evaporation

Abstract

The nanoencapsulation of pesticides in biodegradable polymers confers several advantages to conventional agrochemicals, such as protection against losses due volatilization and degradation of the active ingredient, as well as the augment of water dispersion, allowing for their application on crops without requiring the use of organic solvents that could harm the user and the environment. This characteristics could enhance the productivity, reducing both costs and environmental pollution. In this work the propiconazole fungicide, forming part of a commercial formulation as well as in its pure state, was encapsulated using as carriers the biodegradable polymer poly lactic acid (PLA) and the biodegradable co-polymer poly (lactic-co-glicolic) acid, all with the aim of generate controlled fungicide release systems to augment the efficiency of the treatments of the Fusarium dieback disease. The most efficient system obtained presented nanospheres of 146.28 nm and an encapsulation efficiency over 42%. The antifungal activity tests showed that the use of this nanoencapsulated fungicide system enhances the growth inhibition percentage in 5%, obtaining a formulation that presents good dispersion in water without the need of organic emulsifier agents.

Author Biographies

Felipe Barrera Méndez, Catedrático CONACYT-Instituto de Ecología A.C.

Catedrático CONACYT – Inecol en Nanotecnología

Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados 

Diter Augusto Miranda Sánchez, Instituto de Ecología A. C.

Técnico FORDECYT

Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados

Diana Sánchez Rangel, Catedrático CONACYT-Instituto de Ecología A.C.

Catedrático CONACYT – Inecol en Fitopatología

Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados 

Israel Bonilla Landa, Instituto de Ecología A.C.

Técnico Académico en Química Orgánica

Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados 

José Benjamín Rodríguez Haas, Instituto de Ecología A.C.

Técnico Académico en Biología Molecular y Fitopatología

Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados 

Juan Luis Monribot Villanueva, Instituto de Ecología A.C.

Técnico Académico en Productos Naturales

Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados 

José Luis Olivares Romero, Instituto de Ecología A.C.

Investigador Titular en Química Orgánica

Red de Estudios Moleculares Avanzados 

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Published
04-24-2019