Antigiardial Activity of Cupania dentata Bark and its Constituents
Keywords:Cupania dentata, Sapindaceae, giardicidal activity, taraxerone, taraxerol, scopoletin, sterols
AbstractThe MeOH extract of Cupania dentata bark (Sapindaceae) as well as its hexane, CH2Cl2, EtOAc, and BuOH fractions showed high activity against Giardia lamblia trophozoites (IC50 = 2.12-9.52 μg/mL). The phytochemical study of fractions resulted in the isolation of taraxerone (1), taraxerol (2), scopoletin (3), and two mixtures of steroidal compounds. Taraxerone was the metabolite with the highest giardicidal activity (IC50 = 11.33 μg/mL).
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