A Local Extension of the Electrophilicity Index Concept
Keywords:Chemical Reactivity, Local Descriptors, Electrophilicity, Density Functional Theory
AbstractA local measure of the electrophilicity has been recently proposed to analyze the chemical reactivity of several kinds of molecules. In this work a theoretical rationalization of the local extension is proposed following the quantitative definition of the molecular electrophilic power and a variational method for the distribution of the transferred charge. A condensation scheme to atoms or fragments follows from its relation to the Fukui function and the local softness. Differences between these quantities are discussed and they are tested in a model system. The analysis shows that the local electrophilicity is more appropriate to describe differences among a set of substituted molecules.
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