Adsorption of Phenol and Chlorophenol Mixtures on Silicalite-1 Determined by GC-MS Method
AbstractA method is presented in which gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) allows quantitative simultaneous detection of mixtures of phenol (Ph), 2-chlorophenol (2-CPh), 3-cholorphenol (3-CPh), and 4-cholorophenol (4-CPh) in aqueous mixtures after being adsorbed on silicalita-1, utilizing selected-ion monitoring (SIM) and full-scan modes mass selective detection. GCMS with SIM at m/z = 64 and m/z = 128 showed good detection selectivity for mixtures of Ph, 2-CPh and 3-CPh (M1), and 2-CPh and 4-CPh (M2). Silicalita-1 was obtained from an amorphous organo-alumino-silicic gel from rice husk, an abundant and low cost agricultural waste residue that is readily available in large quantities. This product was used as a sorbent for solid phase extraction of organic analytes from aqueous solutions. The adsorption of the three chlorophenol isomers, ortho-, meta-, and para-, by silicalite-1 has been studied independently, showing that meta- and para-chlorophenol isomers are adsorbed more than ortho-chlorophenol. However the adsorption behavior of mixtures of these isomers was not reported. In this work, it was found that when the ortho-isomer is mixed either with meta or para-chlorophenol, considerable differences were observed in the adsorption process; in the studied mixture, the ortho-isomer was adsorbed more than the meta-and para-chlorophenol.
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