Role of Iron(III)-salen Chloride as Oxidizing Agent with Thiodiglycolic Acid: The Effect of Axial Ligands
Keywords:Thiodiglycolic acid, Iron(III)-salen, Nitrogenous bases, Michaelis-Menten kinetics, Sulfoxidation
AbstractThe sulfoxidation of thiodiglycolic acid with iron(III)-salen chloride, which acts as an oxidizing agent without any terminal oxidant, in 50% aqueous acetonitrile medium has been studied. A substantial red shift in the λmaxvalue of FeIII-salen was observed in aqueous medium. The spectrophotometric kinetic study indicates that [FeIII(salen)]+ is the active oxidizing species and the reaction follows Michaelis-Menten kinetics with respect to the substrate. The rate of the reaction is highly sensitive to the medium. A reaction mechanism involving electron transfer from sulfur atom of thiodiglycolic acid to the central iron atom of [FeIII(salen)]+ is proposed. The presence of nitrogenous bases like pyridine, imidazole and 1-methylimidazole shows a retarding effect on the reaction rate. This can be explained on the basis of binding of these ligands to the coordination sphere of [FeIII(salen)]+ prior to the reaction with the substrate. The observed order of reactivity, pyridine > 1-methylimidazole > imidazole, is in accordance with the inverse of π-donating ability of nitrogen bases.
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