The Volatile Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Leaves of Chorisia Speciosa

Volatile composition and activity of C. speciosa

  • Farah Kausar University of the Punjab
  • Azeem Intisar University of the Punjab
  • Muhammad Imran Din University of the Punjab
  • Aqsa Aamir University of the Punjab
  • Tajamal Hussain University of the Punjab
  • Pakeeza Aziz University of the Punjab
  • Zeeshan Mutahir University of the Punjab
  • Sahiba Fareed University of the Punjab
  • Baria Samreen University of the Punjab
  • Kashaf Sadaqat University of the Punjab
Keywords: Chorisia speciosa, volatile oil, sesquiterpenes, antibacterial activity

Abstract

Abstract. In this study, volatile composition of leaves of Chorisia speciosa was studied first time. The oil was extracted by microwave-assisted oil extraction and constituents were separated and characterized by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry. A yield of 0.21% was obtained and a total of 25 constituents were identified. Most dominating constituents were: caryophyllene (32.26 %), bicyclogermacrene (9.88 %), humulene (9.26 %), α-selinene (9.18 %) and β-elemene (8.06 %). The anti-bacterial activity of volatile oil was also evaluated against four pathogenic strains. The oil showed different zones of inhibition against different microbes where strongest activity was found against S. aureus (25 mm), moderate activity (15 mm) against E. coli and no activity against S. typhi (9 mm) at the dose value of 3.64 mg. The observed antibacterial activity was due to the presence of various biologically active major and minor constituents.

Author Biographies

Farah Kausar, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

Azeem Intisar, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

Muhammad Imran Din, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

Aqsa Aamir, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

Tajamal Hussain, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

Pakeeza Aziz, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

Zeeshan Mutahir, University of the Punjab

Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Sahiba Fareed, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

Baria Samreen, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

Kashaf Sadaqat, University of the Punjab

Institute of Chemistry

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Published
10-01-2020