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Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel fungicides for the management of Fusarium DieBack disease

Israel Bonilla Landa, Osvaldo León de la Cruz, Diana Sánchez Rangel, Randy Ortiz Castro, Benjamin Rodriguez Haas, Felipe Barrera Mendez, Ramón Enrique Diaz de León Gómez, Francisco Javier Enriquez Medrano, José Luis Olivares Romero

Abstract


Abstract. Fusarium Dieback, a new and lethal insect-vectored disease can host over 300 tree species including the avocado trees. This problem has recently attracted the attention of synthetic chemist not only to develop new triazol antifungal agents but also due to severe drug resistance to “classic” triazol antifungal agents. Here, a series of novel antifungal triazoles with a p-trifluoromethylphenyl moiety were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic and spectrometric methods. Most of the target compounds synthesized showed from modest to good inhibitory activity and less phytotoxicity in comparison with the commercially available propiconazol; in particular, compounds 7 and 13 were active against both Fusarium solani and Fusarium euwallaceae. The results showed that compounds 7, 13, and 4 have great potential to be developed as new antifungal agents because of both good antifungal activity and low phytotoxicity. SAR showed that free alcohols and not O-protected compounds significantly influence the activity. Hence, a-methyl-a-1,2,4-triazole emerged as novel compound to develop new ketone-triazole-type antifungal agents for the management of Fusarium Dieback disease

 

Resumen. Fusarium Dieback es una nueva enfermedad letal transmitida por insectos que actúan como vectores y puede atacar a más de 300 especies de árboles, incluidos los árboles de aguacate. Recientemente, este problema ha atraído la atención de los químicos sintéticos para desarrollar nuevos agentes antifúngicos triazólicos debido a la resistencia severa que desarrollan los insectos a los agentes antifúngicos triazólicos "clásicos". Durante este trabajo, se sintetizaron nuevos triazoles antifúngicos que contienen un grupo p-trifluorometilfenilo y se caracterizaron por métodos espectroscópicos y espectrométricos. La mayoría de los compuestos diana sintetizados mostraron una actividad inhibidora de modesta a buena y menos fitotoxicidad en comparación con el propiconazol que es comercialmente disponible; en particular, los compuestos 7 y 13 mostraron ser activos contra Fusarium solani y Fusarium euwallaceae. Los resultados mostraron que los compuestos 7, 13 y 4 tienen un gran potencial para desarrollarse como nuevos agentes antifúngicos debido a la buena actividad antifúngica y su baja fitotoxicidad. SAR mostró que los alcoholes libres y no los compuestos O-protegidos influyen significativamente en la actividad. Por lo tanto, el α-metil-α-1,2,4-triazol surgió como un nuevo compuesto líder para desarrollar nuevos agentes antifúngicos tipo cetona-triazol para el tratamiento de la enfermedad Fusarium Dieback.


Keywords


Fungicide; Synthesis; Triazol; Euwallacea; Fusarium

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29356/jmcs.v62i3.531

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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society (J. Mex. Chem. Soc.) Vol 62, No 2 (2018). Quarterly publication (April-June). Edited and distributed by Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Barranca del Muerto 26, Col. Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, Mexico City. Phone: +5255 56626837; +5255 56626823 Contact: soquimex@sqm.org.mx http://www.sqm.org.mx Editor-in-Chief: Ignacio González-Martínez. Indexed Journal. Certificate of reserved rights for recurrent publications under digital distribution granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 04-2018-091118040000-203. Certificate of lawful title and content: Under procedure. ISSN-e granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 2594-0317. ISSN granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 1870-249X. Postal registration of printed matter deposited by editors or agents granted by SEPOMEX: IM09-0312 Copyright © Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Total or partial reproduction is prohibited without written permission of the right holder. The Figures/schemes quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors. Updated December 12th, 2018 by Adriana Vázquez (editorial assistant, e-mail: editor.jmcs@gmail.com), J. Mex. Chem. Soc., Sociedad Química de México, A.C.