Luminescence Based Detection of Trinitrophenol and Aromatic Organophosphorous Pesticides Using a Coordination Polymer

Rupinder Kaur, Manmohan Chhibber, Partha Mahata, Susheel K. Mittal


The fluorescent properties of a coordination polymer (CP), 1, were used as turn-on and turn-off detector for nitroaromatics and organophosporus pesticides respectively. Compound 1 exhibits exceptionally high efficiency for the detection of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) through luminescence quenching with a quenching constant [KSV] value of 2.30 X 105 M-1, highest among the known coordination polymers. Minimum detection limit achieved by the proposed method was 43 ppb. This emission property of 1 was also used successfully to detect triazophos and chlorpyrifos, aromatic organophosphorus pesticides, which enhanced the emission intensity by 238% and a red shift of ~70 nm in case of former. Non aromatic pesticides like malathion and acephate did not show any increase in the emission intensity. Minimum detection limits for triazophos and chlorpyrifos, aromatic organophosphorus pesticides, were 0.6 and 0.7 ppm respectively.


nitro-explosives; TNT; acetylcholinesterases; acetylcholine; molecular sensing; MOF

Full Text:



Lee, J.; Farha, O. K.; Roberts, J.; Scheidt, K. A.; Nguyen S. T.; Hupp, J. T. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2009, 38, 1450-1459.

Collins, D. J.; Zhou, H. C. J. Mater. Chem. 2007, 17, 3154-3160.

Li, J. R.; Ma, Y.; McCarthy, M. C.; Sculley, J.; Yu, J.; Jeong, H. K.; Balbuena, P. B.; Zhou, H. C. Coord. Chem. Rev. 2011, 255, 1791-1823.

Horcajada, P.; Serre, C.; Maurin, G.; Ramsahye, N. A.; Balas, F.; Vallet-Regi, M.; Sebban, M.; Taulelle, F.; Ferey, G. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 6774-6780.

An, J. Y.; Geib, S. J.; Rosi, N. L. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 8376-8377.

Reineke, T. M.; Eddaoudi, M.; Fehr, M.; Kelley, D.; Yaghi, O. M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 1651-1657.

Zhang, Z.; Xiang, S.; Rao, X.; Zheng, Q.; Fronczek, F. R.; Qian, G.; Chen, B. Chem. Commun. 2010, 46, 7205-7207.

Harbuzaru, B. V.; Corma, A.; Rey, F.; Jorda, J. L.; Ananias, D.; Carlos L. D.; Rocha, J. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2009, 48, 6476-6479.

White, K. A.; Chengelis, D. A.; Gogick, K. A.; Stehman, J.; Rosi, N. L.; Petoud, S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 18069-18071.

Kreno, L. E.; Leong, K.; Farha, O. K.; Allendorf, M.; Duyne, R. P. V.; Hupp, J. T. Chem. Rev., 2012, 112, 1105-1125.

Ma, L.; Evans, O. R.; Foxman, B. M.; Lin, W. Inorg. Chem. 1999, 38, 5837-5840.

Bauer, C. A.; Timofeeva, T. V.; Settersten, T. B.; Patterson, B. D.; Liu, V. H.; Simmons, B. A.; Allendorf, M. D. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 7136-7144.

Zhang, L.-Z.; Gu, W.; Li, B.; Liu, X.; Liao, D. Z. Inorg. Chem. 2007, 46, 622-624.

Fang, Q.; Zhu, G.; Xue, M.; Sun, J.; Sun, F.; Qiu, S. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 45, 3582-3587.

Chelebaeva, E.; Larionova, J.; Guari, Y.; Sá Ferreira, R. A.; Carlos, L. D.; Almeida Paz, F. A.; Trifonov, A.; Guérin, C. Inorg. Chem. 2008, 47, 775-777.

Wang, G. H.; Li, Z. G.; Jia, H. Q.; Hu, N. H.; Xu, J. W. Cryst. Eng. Comm. 2009, 11, 292-297.

He, G.; Peng, H.; Liu, T.; Wang, M.; Zhang, Y.; Fang, Y. J. Mater. Chem. 2009, 19, 7347-7353.

Thomas, S. W.; Joly, G. D.; Swager, T. M. Chem. Rev. 2007, 107, 1339-1386.

Nagarkar, S. S.; Desai, A. V.; Ghosh, S. K. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 8915-8918.

Singha, D. K.; Majee, P.; Mondal, S. K.; Mahata, P. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2015, 2015, 1390-1397.

Roy, B.; Bar, A. K.; Gole, B.; Mukherjee, P. S. J. Org. Chem. 2013, 78, 1306-1310.

Gallo, M. A.; Lawryk, N. J., in: Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology, Vol. 2, Hayes, W. J., Laws, E. R., Ed., Academic Press, San Diego, 1991, 917-1123.

Furton, K. G.; Myers, L. J. Talanta 2001, 54, 487-500.

Eiceman, G. A.; Stone, J. A. Anal. Chem. 2004, 76, 390-397.

Luggar, R. D.; Farquharson, M. J.; Horrocks, J. A.; Lacey, R. J. X-Ray Spectrom. 1998, 27, 87-94.

Hakansson, K.; Coorey, R. V.; Zubarev, R. A.; Talrose, V. L.; Hakansson, P. J. Mass Spectrom. 2000, 35, 337-346.

Sylvia, J. M.; Janni, J. A.; Klein, J. D.; Spencer, K. M. Anal. Chem. 2000, 72, 5834-5840.

Kandpal, M.; Bandela, A. K.; Hinge, V. K.; Rao, V. R.; Rao, C. P. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2013, 5, 13448-13456.

Moros, J.; Laserna, J. J. Anal. Chem. 2011, 83, 6275-6285.

Hallowell, S. F. Talanta 2001, 54, 447-458.

Stan, H. J. J. Chromatogr. 2000, 892, 347-377.

Chen, P. S.; Huang, S. D. Talanta 2006, 69, 669-675.

Leandro, C. C.; Hancock, P.; Fussell, R. J.; Keely, B. J. J. Chromatorgr. A 2006, 1103, 94-101.

Zhang, G. L. J. Anhui Agric. Sci. 2003, 31, 663-673.

Kazemi, M.; Tahmasbi, A. M.; Valizadeh, R. Agri. Sci. Res. J. 2012, 2, 512-522.

Horike, S.; Umeyama, D.; Kitagawa, S. Acc. Chem. Res. 2013, 46, 2376-2384.

Kumar, P.; Paul, A. K.; Deep, A. Micropor. & Mesopor. Mat. 2014, 195, 60-66.

Kumar, P.; Paul, A. K.; Deep, A. Anal. Methods 2014, 6, 4095-4101.

Mahata, P.; Drazneiks, C. M.; Roy, P.; Natarajan, S. Cryst. Growth Des. 2013, 13, 155-168.

Mahata, P.; Natarajan, S.; Panissod, P.; Drillon, M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 10140-10150.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Rupinder Kaur, Manmohan Chhibber, Partha Mahata, Susheel K. Mittal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society (J. Mex. Chem. Soc.) Vol 61, No 4 (2017). Quarterly publication (October-December). Edited and distributed by Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Barranca del Muerto 26, Col. Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, Mexico City. Phone: +5255 56626837; +5255 56626823 Contact: Editor-in-Chief: Ignacio González-Martínez. Indexed Journal. Certificate of reserved rights granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 04-2005-052710530600-102. Certificate of lawful title and content: Under procedure. ISSN-e granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 2594-0317. ISSN granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor (INDAUTOR): 1870-249X. Postal registration of printed matter deposited by editors or agents granted by SEPOMEX: IM09-0312 Copyright © Sociedad Química de México, A.C. Total or partial reproduction is prohibited without written permission of the right holder. The Figures/schemes quality and the general contents of this publication are full responsibility of the authors. Updated November 26th, 2017 by Adriana Vázquez (editorial assistant, e-mail:, J. Mex. Chem. Soc., Sociedad Química de México, A.C.